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MirandaNet Fellowship Casestudy

Membership List | Publications | Research | Specialist Area List | Braided Learning Ejournal

Developing and Evaluating Instructional Resources for Enhancing Object Recognition among Primary School Pupils

Lemu L.G.E.A Primary School Samaru, Zaria, Kaduna State, Nigeria

Abdullahi Abubakar Yunusa

Year of posting: 2013


Instructional media (instructional materials) are essential requirement for successful teaching, at college and university, student teachers are required to learn how to make and use simple and cheap instructional media (instructional materials). This is an account of the design and development of instructional graphic resources for teaching alphabets and recognition of objects. The materials developed were tested at Lemu LEA Primary School, Samaru, Zaria. The population of the study was primary two (2) pupils of the aforementioned school. The class was 66 pupils out of which 20 pupils were selected using random sampling technique. A questionnaire was prepared for the class mistress who duly responded. It follows therefore, that the research instrument used are, questionnaire, interview and observation, while interviews and observation, were adopted for the pupils, simple percentage was the statistical tool used for the analysis. Results revealed that: the instructional resources designed met principles of design and elements.



Instructional graphics can be defined as the pictorial expression of content designed to promote learning and improve performance in work setting (Association for programmed learning and education technology, 1972) it is a means by which clear description or highlight of an instructional content/item is presented to the target audience or learners. This has to do with posters, photography, motion pictures, paintings, artwork, road signs etc.they are very important in teaching and learning situation because they facilitate the direct association between words and the object they represent(Jacob,2010). They help to vividly illustrate meanings of things because they are associated with the materials used by the teacher to improve the quality of his teaching. one of the specific ways educational institutions can contribute to societal evolution and development is to indigenise human and material resources for educational institutions”(Gbodi,2006).The process of creating instructional graphics consist of determining the content and goals of lesson, features of the visual and characteristics of learners. The steps taken in production of the graphic materials for this study entails; acquiring the drawing materials, sketching the drawings, layout of the drawing, developing and labelling. The significance of this study is to test the potency of these materials in terms of practical application in a classroom situation. The university of Saskatchewan(1998) outlines the following implicit advantages of instructional graphics in achieving set learning goals these includes: attracting attention ,developing interest ,adjusting the learning climate and promoting acceptance (of an idea).These values the study seeks to achieve .It has also been established by various researches; that the use of graphics enhances teaching and learning; giving credence to the cliché that” A picture is worth more than a million words”.

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